Ahead of the 2020 elections, Connecticut has confronted a bevy of falsehoods voting that swirled around online. One, widely viewed on Facebook, wrongly said that absentee ballots had been sent to dead people. On Twitter, users spread a false post that a tractor-trailer carrying ballots crashed on Interstate 95, sending thousands of voter slips into the air and across the highway.
Concerned about a similar deluge of unfounded rumors and lies around this year’s midterm elections, the state plans to spend nearly $ 2 million on marketing to share factual information about voting, and create its first-ever position for combining misinformation into an expert. With a salary of $ 150,000, a person is expected to comb-fringe sites like 4chan, far-right social networks like Gettr and Rumble and mainstream social media sites for rooting out misinformation narratives before they go viral, and then urge the companies. Remove or flag the posts that contain false information.
“We have situational awareness looking for all incoming threats to the integrity of elections,” said Scott Bates, Connecticut’s deputy secretary of the state. “Misinformation can erode people’s confidence in elections, and we see that as a critical threat to the democratic process.”
Connecticut joins a handful of states to fight an onslaught of rumors and lies about this year’s elections.
Oregon, Idaho and Arizona have education and ad campaigns on the Internet, TV, radio and billboards to spread accurate information about polling times, voter eligibility and absentee voting. Colorado has hired three cybersecurity experts to monitor sites for misinformation. California’s Office of the Secretary of State is searching for misinformation and working with the Department of Homeland Security and academics to look for patterns of misinformation across the Internet.
The moves by these states, most of them under Democratic control, come as voter confidence in election integrity has plummeted. In an ABC / Ipsos poll from January, only 20 percent of respondents said they were “very confident” in the integrity of the election system and 39 percent said they felt “relatively confident.” Numerous Republican candidates have embraced former President Donald J. Trump’s falsehoods about the 2020 election, campaigning – often successfully – on the untrue claim that it was stolen from him.
Some conservatives and civil rights groups are almost certain to complain that efforts to limit misinformation could restrict free speech. Florida, led by Republicans, has enacted legislation limiting the kind of social media moderation that sites like Facebook, YouTube and Twitter can do, with supporters saying that the sites constrict conservative voices. At the federal level, the Department of Homeland Security recently paused the work of an advisory board after disinformation on a barrage of criticism from conservative lawmakers and free speech advocates that the group could suppress.
“State and local governments are well-positioned to reduce harms from dis- and misinformation provided timely, accurate and trustworthy information,” said Rachel Goodman, a lawyer at Protect Democracy, a nonpartisan advocacy group. “But in order to maintain that trust, they must make it clear that they are not engaging in any kind of censorship or surveillance that would raise constitutional concerns.”
Connecticut and Colorado officials say the problem of misinformation has only worsened since 2020 and without a more concerted push to counteract it, even more voters could lose faith in the integrity of elections. They also said they fear the safety of some election workers.
“We are seeing a threat atmosphere unlike anything this country has seen before,” said Jena Griswold, the Democratic Secretary of State for Colorado. Ms. Griswold, who is up for re-election this fall, has received threats for upholding the 2020 election results and refuting Trump’s false claims of fraudulent voting in the state.
Other secretaries of state, who head the office typically charged with overseeing elections, have received similar pushback. In Georgia, Brad Raffensperger, a Republican who certified President Biden’s win in the state, has faced fierce criticism with false claims about the 2020 election.
In his primary race this year, Mr. Raffensperger batted down the misinformation that there were 66,000 underage voters, 2,400 unregistered voters and more than 10,350 dead people who cast ballots in the presidential election. None of the claims are true. He won his primary last week.
Colorado is redeploying a misinformation team that created the state for the 2020 election. The team is composed of three election security experts who monitor the Internet for misinformation and then report it to federal law enforcement.
Ms. Griswold will oversee the team, called the Rapid Response Election Security Cyber Unit. It looks only for election-related misinformation issues like absentee voting, polling locations and eligibility, she said.
“Facts still exist and lie used to chip away at our fundamental freedoms,” Ms. Griswold said.
Connecticut officials say the state’s goal was to patrol the Internet for election falsehoods. On May 7, the Connecticut legislature approved $ 2 million for Internet, TV, mail and radio education campaigns on the election process, and hired an election information security officer.
Officials said they would prefer candidates to fluent in both English and Spanish, to address the spread of misinformation in both languages. The officer would track down viral misinformation posts on Facebook, Instagram, Twitter and YouTube, and look for emerging narratives and memes, especially on fringe social media platforms and the dark web.
“We know we can’t boil the ocean, but we have to figure out where the threat is coming from, and before it metastasizes,” Mr. Bates said.