How facial recognition is used in Ukrainian warfare

In the weeks when Russia invaded Ukraine and photos of the destruction arrived on the news, Huh-ton-Bhatt, chief executive of the knife-recognition company ClaireView Ai, began thinking how he could be involved.

He believes his company’s technology can offer clarity in complex situations in the war.

“I remember watching videos of Russian soldiers arrested and claiming that they were actors,” said Mr Ton-Bhatt. “I think if Ukrainians could use Clearview, they would have more information to confirm their identity.”

In early March, he reached out to people who could help him get in touch with the Ukrainian government. One of the members of the Clearview Advisory Board, Lee Wolfowski, a lawyer who works for the Biden administration, was meeting with Ukrainian officials and offered to send a message.

Mr Tone-Bhatt produced a letter stating that his app “could immediately identify someone from a picture” and that police and federal agencies in the United States use it to solve crime. This feature has brought Clearview exposure to privacy concerns and questions about racism and other biases within the artificial-intelligence system.

This tool, which can identify a suspected person caught on surveillance video, could be valuable to the country under attack, wrote Mr Tone-dot. He said the tool could identify people who could be spies, as well as dead people, on the public face with a database of up to 20 billion faces of Clearview’s database, including “Russian social sites like VKontakte.”

Mr Tone – decided to offer ClareView services to Ukraine free of charge, as previously reported by Reuters. Now, less than a month later, New York-based Clearview has created more than 200 accounts for users from five Ukrainian government agencies, who have done more than 5,000 searches. Clearview has also translated its app into Ukrainian.

“It is an honor to help Ukraine,” said Mr Ton-Bhatt, who provided emails from officials from three Ukrainian agencies, confirming that they had used the tool. It has identified the killed soldiers and prisoners of war, as well as travelers across the country, confirming the names on their official identities. The fear of spies and destroyers has increased in the country.

According to an email, Ukrainian National Police obtained two pictures of dead Russian soldiers, posted by The New York Times on March 21. One was marked on the dead man’s uniform, but the other did not, so the ministry was done. Face it through the App of Clearview.

The app came to the forefront of a photo of a similar man, a 33-year-old Ilyanovsk, wearing a paratrooper uniform and having a gun in his profile picture on the Russian social media site Odnoklassniki. In Russia, an attempt was made to contact the man’s relatives in Russia to inform them of his death, but no response was received, according to a National Police official.

Identifying dead soldiers and notifying their families is part of a campaign, according to a telegraph post by Ukrainian Deputy Prime Minister Mikhailov Fedorov, “to break the cost of conflict to the Russian people and to end the horrors of” special operations. ‘In which there is no Earth’ and ‘No one dies,’ “he wrote.

Pictures of conflict zones, images of murdered citizens and soldiers who have been left behind on city streets, become battlefields, have become more widespread and immediately available during the social media era. Ukrainian President Vladimir Zielinski has shown graphic images of attacks on his country as international leaders make their case for further international aid. But beyond conveying the visual sense of war, these types of images can now offer something else: an opportunity to play a significant role for face recognition technology.

Critics warn, though, that tech companies can take advantage of the crisis to expand their privacy with little privacy, and any misuse of the software or their use could have dire consequences on the battlefield.

Evan Grier, deputy director of the digital rights group Fight for the Future, opposes any use of facial recognition technology, and said she believes it should be banned worldwide because governments have banned minority groups. Was used to harass and suppress differences. Russia and China, among others, have developed advanced face recognition in cameras in cities.

“Combat zones are often used not just as a testing ground for weapons but also as surveillance tools that are later deployed on urban populations or for law enforcement or hand control purposes,” Ms Greer said. “Companies like Clearview are keen to exploit the humanitarian crisis in Ukraine to normalize their use of harmful and aggressive software.”

Clearview is facing many cases in the United States, and the use of images of people without legal consent has been outlawed in Canada, the United Kingdom, France, Australia and Italy. It faces pillars in the United Kingdom and Italy.

Ms Greer added: “We already know that authoritarian states like Russia use face recognition surveillance to break down protests and disagreements. Increasing the use of facial recognition does not harm dictators like Putin – it helps them.

In recent years face recognition has evolved in strength and accuracy, and is more accessible to the public.

While Clearview AI says it makes its database available only to law enforcement, other face recognition services are available for matches on the web, including PimEyes and FindClone, for anyone who wants to pay. آهن. PimEyes will surface public images on the Internet, while FindClone will find scraped images from Russian social media site VKontakte.

The facial recognition vendors are choosing sides in the dispute. Giorgi Gobronidze, a professor in Tbilisi, Georgia, who bought PimEyes in December, said he stopped using the site after the Russian invasion began, citing concerns that it would be used to identify Ukrainians.

“No Russian customer is allowed to use this service anymore,” said Mr Gubroniades. “We do not want our service to be used for war crimes.”

Groups like BeltingKat, the Dutch research site, have used reports of face-recognition sites to report conflicts over Russia’s military operations.

Eric Toller, director of research at Belting Cat, said his favorite face search engine was FindClone. He described a three-hour surveillance video that surfaced this week, from Courier Service in Belarus, showing men in military uniforms packing luggage, including TVs, car batteries and an electric scooter for shipping.

Mr Tuller said FindClone allowed him to identify as many men as Russian soldiers were sending “looters” from Ukraine to their homes.

As the information war between Ukraine and Russia fights over what triggered the attack and how it is doing, journalists like Mr Toller sometimes act as mediators to their audience.

Mr Fedorov, the Deputy Prime Minister of Ukraine, tweeted a style towel from the same surveillance tape of one of the soldiers at the courier service counter. Mr Fedoroff claimed that the man was identified as an “officer of the Russian Special Forces” who was tortured in Bocha and was sending all the stolen goods to his family.

Mr Federoff added, “We will find every killer.

The technology goes beyond identifying potential pitfalls or tracking certain units. Peter Singer, security scholar at New America, a think tank in Washington, said the increasing availability of data about the people and their movements will make it easier for criminals to find criminals. But it can also make it difficult for civilians to lie low in harsh environments.

“Ukraine is the first major conflict that is why we use face recognition technology on such a scale, but it is far from last,” Mr Singer said. “It will be difficult for future fighters to keep their identities secret, as it will be for ordinary citizens to walk down the streets of your own city.

“In the world of more and more data collection, everyone gives a trail of dots that can be connected,” he added.

This route is not just online. Drone footage, satellite images, and photos and videos captured by people in Ukraine all play a role in understanding what is happening there.

Mr Tuller of Belling Kent said the technology was not perfect. “It’s easy to fire wrong – it goes without saying,” he said. “But people are more right than wrong with it. They figure out how to verify the identity.

The faces look alike, so secondary information, in the form of an identification mark, a tattoo or dress, is important to confirm a match. Will it be hard to say, the situation at war time is an open question.

Mr Toller is not sure how long he will have access to his favorite face-recognition device. Because FindClone is a taxpayer in Russia, it has been subject to sanctions, he said.

Mr Toller said, “I still have about 30 days left in my service, so I’m desperately trying to add more juice to my account. “I have a friend in Kyrgyzstan. I am trying to recover my account using his bank card.

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