Geofencing improves safety in Sweden

In April 2017, a man drove a stolen truck into a grocery shopping district in the Central Stockholm and collided with a department store, killing four people and injuring 15 others.

The terrorist attacks prompted the Swedish government to investigate how digital technology could be used to prevent such incidents in the future. It began a four-year research program to test one of a kind, in Geo-Fencing, the urban environment.

Geofencing is a virtual tool in which the software uses GPS or similar technology to control the movement of vehicles within a geographical area to launch advance programs or real-time actions. It can adjust the speed of the vehicle within the zone, determine whether the vehicle is there and can automatically switch the hybrid vehicle to electric driving mode.

Johannesburg, senior consultant for digitalization in Sweden’s Transport Administration, says the technology can improve traffic safety and reduce emissions. It also has the ability to adjust speed based on road and weather conditions, and to ensure compliance with regulations, such as preventing a vehicle if a driver is not allowed to enter the Geoffins area. Did.

In simple use – such as before the start of the trip when a map with restrictions is downloaded to the vehicle to reduce the speed automatically when it enters the low speed area – the vehicle does not need to be connected to an external source. , Mr Berg said. General Chat Chat Lounge

But in more advanced applications – real-time use, for example – vehicles must be connected. He said the rules and regulations are in a TechCloud and can be changed based on the actual position of the vehicle. “The cloud service can access the engine of the vehicle using the vehicle’s telematics connection.”

Sweden, which launched a series of geofencing trials in 2019, has long been an innovator in vehicle-related safety. In the 1990s, he introduced Vision Zero, a method of protection that takes human error into account. The purpose is to eliminate all traffic fatalities and serious injuries by creating multiple layers of protection; If one fails, the other will create a safety net.

Sweden now has one of the lowest accident fatality rates in the world, and has operated in many cities globally. Earlier this year, the US Department of Transportation formally adopted a strategy to combat the dramatic increase in the number of deaths in the United States.

In Stockholm, geo-fencing pilot programs focus on commercial traffic in the city center, such as figuring out whether delivering business can be done at low speeds at night when there are usually fewer people on the streets.

“Switching to an electric drive, in combination with low speeds, can be almost silent at night delivering the truck,” Mr Berg said. “Increasing the night delivery can reduce the rush hour during daylight hours and create more traffic flow around the clock,” improving the quality of life in the area.

In another test, sensors were added to monitor pedestrian flow, which was able to reduce the speed in pilot vehicles. “The trucks are actually slowing down their speed automatically,” said Mr Berg.

Gothenburg has taken the lead in geofencing testing public transportation. Since 2015, the city has been evaluating technology at two bus routes, including the Volvo Group, a regional private-public partnership with ElectriCity. The evaluation was focused on busy areas such as shopping street and intersection. The city now has the ability to adjust geofencing zones based on real-time conditions, with bus operators receiving information about automatic changes.

During the test, which was recently completed, the buses operate in a designated area in safe drive fuel efficient and fuel efficient speeds.

“We see geofencing as a tool to create a safer city with better air quality and lower noise,” said Malin Stoldart, project manager for Gothenburg’s Urban Transport Administration.

Other pilot projects, some going on, include smart city traffic zones to increase traffic around schools and protect cyclists. GeoFence technology that prefers public transport vehicles is already in use at complex intersections Gothenburg for daily traffic.

Geofencing can also help city places are being used more vibrantly, Ms. Stalladt said. “Areas can be easily modified and used for different purposes depending on the day or the season.”

Ms Stalladt said the trial was well-received. There are plans to add at least one more bus line technology. Operators also approve geofencing, he said, not only for safety reasons “but also for vehicle wear.”

Rodrigue Al Fahel, lead coordinator of Sweden’s National Geo-Financing Program, said that geo-fencing technology has been evolving for some time and has been used to target messages on mobile phones based on the location of the phone; Managing commercial vessels; Set maximum speed and parking controls for e-scooters; And to upgrade some of the latest driver relief systems, such as the Intelligent Speed ​​Assistant (ISA), which will be required in all new vehicles in the European Union starting in July.

Sweden is one of the most active countries experiencing geo-fencing for general traffic, Mr Alfahle said, accrediting it as “a great collaborative environment.”

Still, the need for large-scale application of geo-fencing to collect, standardize, and digitize large-scale data remains a challenge. First, developers should find a way to make the traffic rules machine readable and decide on the quality of the communication. “It’s something that has not been fully developed yet,” Mr. Alfred said.

However, cooperation in Europe has evolved through projects such as GeoScience and Nordic Way to support development.

A recent market analysis and a State of the Art report conclude that geofencing is on the cusp of more widespread use. “It’s a tool for cities,” said Mr Alfred. “You can plan the city in different ways.”

“We are trying to look at the potential and impact of what will happen to the traffic and transport systems. It’s not just about the development of technology, “said Mr. Alfred, but rather about building a system that works and is accepted by all involved.

The pilot program, in its last year, has yielded promising results that the Swedish government is considering legislation to amend traffic and other rules so that municipalities can use geo-financing for traffic management, Mr Berg, Sweden. Of the Transport Administration.

New uses of technology can bring privacy issues. But one of the reasons that Sweden’s program focuses on professional drivers rather than private drivers, Mr Berg said, is because “we think it’s different when the vehicle is a tool provided by the employer,” compared to employees. With the company’s ability to regulate computers.

However, the EU is considered to be the safest road system in the world, experts say, with member states’ individual rights, emphasizing community responsibility.

“We realize that this technology may not be bulletproof to prevent terrorists, but when you make the technology smarter and make the transport system more dynamic, then you can create a truly sustainable transport system,” Mr Berg. Said. “It makes everything a lot more efficient.

“The higher purpose is safety and stability,” he said. “They move along.”

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