Mr. Musk, who signed a deal to acquire Twitter in April, has, in recent weeks, threatened to put the deal “on hold” over its number of fake accounts. Last month, he tweeted that “the deal can’t move forward” until Twitter shows “proof” that these accounts make up less than 5 percent of its users, as Twitter has repeatedly said. He made similar remarks at a conference in Miami, indicating that he might be trying to get the groundwork to rework the deal.
In doing so, Mr. Musk appeared to be building a case arguing that Twitter had experienced a “material adverse change,” or a change that would significantly affect its business, which could allow him to break the deal. Legal experts have questioned the merits of that argument, especially since Twitter has long disclosed that fake accounts represent about 5 percent of its users. Mr. Musk’s letter on Monday, though, represented a new strategy.
“What he is actually doing is trying to get more clever out of the merger agreement,” said Ann Lipton, a professor of corporate governance at Tulane Law School. “If Twitter were really stonewalling information requests, and those information requests were necessary or reasonable for Musk to be able to get his financing – which is what he is claiming in this letter – then that would be conceivably a breach that allowed Musk to walk away. “
Twitter could, in turn, argue it does not have the information that Mr. Musk is demanding, or that it’s not necessary for the deal to close, she said.
How Elon Musk’s Twitter Deal Unfolded
A blockbuster deal. Elon Musk, the richest man in the world, capped what seemed to be an improbable endeavor by the famously mercurial billionaire to buy Twitter for roughly $ 44 billion. Here’s how the deal unfolded:
“The merger agreement provides for information, with exceptions, but that doesn’t mean he can get any information he wants,” said Edward Rock, a professor of corporate governance at the New York University School of Law. “What I don’t know what information he is asking for.”
A deal is expected to close by October 24. If it does not close by then, either side can walk away. If the transaction is delayed by regulatory approvals at that time, Mr. Musk and Twitter would have another six months to close it.
Last week, Twitter announced it had received regulatory clearance from the Federal Trade Commission with the deal. Last month, Mr. Musk revealed in a filing that he had raised his personal cash commitment to the deal, canceling a planned loan against shares of Tesla. Mr. Musk said he was in talks with other Twitter shareholders, including the company’s co-founder and former chief executive, Jack Dorsey, about rolling out their existing shares in the company after it was taken private, rather than selling their stakes as part of the deal.